MORE, Contact us – Email info (at) insideecology.com. Please read our Privacy Policy. Copyright © Inside Ecology Ltd 2020 - All rights reserved. Can be 23 feet tall, 15 feet wide, with stiff horizontal branches, many branchlets set in herringbone pattern. Wall Cotoneaster is the most widespread of the species in the UK and has distinctive flattened branches which spread horizontally in a ‘herringbone’ shape. This plant has no children Legal Status. Any material from the cotoneaster/containing cotoneaster waste must be chipped/burnt on site, or removed to licensed landfill as controlled waste. Cotoneasteris a very diverse genus but some of the commonest of these invasive species have small leaves e.g. Online Magazine for Ecologists, Conservationists and Wildlife Professionals, Lindsay Carrington Ecological Services Ltd. Leaves are small, round, bright green; turn orange and red before falling. www.cal-ipc.org. (well I guess you saw that coming!) You will need to remove one or two unwanted seedlings every year. The plants out-compete native vegetation and can be difficult to eradicate. The leaves are very tiny simple dark green. Deciduous. Cotoneaster Horizontalis may become invasive. Mechanical methods of control comprise pulling young seedlings and excavating the root mass. White spring flowers are followed by red fruits that persist into winter. It has naturalised in parts of the United Kingdom, and may be becoming invasive. Control Measures Company number: 08260167. Cats, Toxic to There are numerous advertising and sponsorship opportunities available on Inside Ecology. Cotoneaster horizontalis or rockspray cotoneaster, is perhaps the handsomest and most architectural of the cotoneasters. While it makes excellent garden plants, Cotoneaster horizontalis is listed as an invasive, non-native species on Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in England and Wales. Cotoneaster / k ə ˈ t oʊ n iː ˈ æ s t ər / is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, native to the Palaearctic region (temperate Asia, Europe, north Africa), with a strong concentration of diversity in the genus in the mountains of southwestern China and the Himalayas. Identification features of cotoneaster include: Impact When these stems touch the ground, they often root. This species produces overlapping, flat, fan-like branching pattern that is distinctly reminiscent of herringbones. Such plants typically feature stems that arch, cascade, and even grow horizontally. Valuable food source for … Himalayan cotoneaster is an erect deciduous shrub, with leaves of 1.5-2.5 cm long. Identification & Ecology Deciduous or evergreen cotoneasters (Cotoneaster spp.) Please visit our advertise page for more information and info on how to obtain our rate card. It is invaluable in shade, although its crops of neat pink flowers and bright red berries are more prolific in full sun. Livestock. Bees, Does not attract This characteristic helps cotoneaster form dense colonies with an ability to choke out weeds. What's the problem? Fall leaf color is reddish-bronze to purple. But if you find an evergreen shrub with small green leaves can you be sure it is Cotoneaster? These popular garden and landscaping shrubs are also popular with birds who enjoy the berries and spread the seed. Rock cotoneaster is a low spreading shrub often used as a ground cover or left to spill over slopes and ledge walls. These include Hollyberry cotoneaster (Cotoneaster bullatus), entire-leaved cotoneaster (Cotoneaster integrifolius), small-leaved cotoneaster (Cotoneaster microphyllus), Himalayan cotoneaster (Cotoneaster simonsii) and cotoneaster (Cotoneaster horizontalis). Cotoneaster horizontalis has excellent late colour, but is also popular for the characteristic herringbone pattern of its stems, which develop into a decorative basketwork across the ground or on a wall, according to how it is trained. Cotoneaster horizontalis (Cotoneaster) Cotoneaster is a semi-evergreen multi-stemmed shrub with a maximum of 1 m height and 1.5 m spread. Cotoneaster horizontalis (Rock Cotoneaster) Slow-growing, Cotoneaster horizontalis (Rock Cotoneaster) is a spreading, deciduous shrub with flat and stiff, regularly-branched sprays in a strict herring-bone pattern. The answer is no! Accessed: January 8, 2016. abinvasives.ca info@abinvasives.ca Cotoneaster (Continued) Bearberry cotoneaster is an easy to grow evergreen to semi-evergreen low growing spreading shrub that can reach 1-2 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Attractive to Header Image: Cotoneaster horizontalis – Wikipedia Commons. People, No reported toxicity to For the purposes of this article when cotoneaster is referred to please assume that it is the before-mentioned invasive species of cotoneaster that are referenced. Boething Treeland Farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten California nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the Western United States and beyond. prostrata. Himalayan cotoneaster (C. simonsii). Cotoneaster franchetii Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. About the Author: Elizabeth Kimber works for an ecological consultancy based in Dorset (Lindsay Carrington Ecological Services Ltd). see more; Synonyms Cotoneaster acuminata var. ... Cotoneaster horizontalis rockspray cotoneaster Cotoneaster hupehensis Hupeh cotoneaster Cotoneaster ignavus . The branches root along the ground as they grow. Cotoneaster species are native to Eastern Asia and were first introduced to the UK in 1824 as ornamental plants. Cotoneaster horizontalis is known for attracting bees, birds and other pollinators. Fruits: orange-red berries. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of the Newsletter. Cotoneaster frigidus ‘Cornubia’ is one of the largest cotoneasters, usually forming an enormous bushy shrub. The branches are studded with small, glossy leaves that warm up to orange and red in fall. Once cotoneaster is established, it can dominate areas – outcompeting native flora and creating dense thickets. 3 Cotoneaster spp. This non-native invasive shrub comes in endless varieties and is spread by birds. grow as dense groundcovers and as shrubs that grow up to 25 feet in height. ... Wall cotoneaster (C. horizontalis) Small-leaved cotoneasters (C. microphyllus agg.) In or out of leaf, this pattern is unmistakable. Chemical methods of control include spraying plants with herbicide and treating stumps of larger plants to prevent regrowth. Out of leaf very briey. Accessed: January 8, 2016. Horizontalis varieties are found in Western China and are commonly referred to as Rockspray or Wall Cotoneaster. Also known as milkflower cotoneaster or Parney's cotoneaster, Cotoneaster lacteus is a dense, invasive, 12-foot shrub hardy in USDA zones 7 through 10. Cotoneaster horizontalis Rock Cotoneaster. Legislation Genus Cotoneaster can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, entire leaves and clusters of small white or pink flowers in spring and summer, followed by showy red, purple or black berries . They are especially problematical in limestone cliffs, pavements and screes. But the best thing about it is that it’s not invasive. Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act. Himalayan cotoneaster is an erect deciduous shrub which grows to 3-4 metres in height, the leaves of this species are 1.5-2.5 cm long There are over 100 species of cotoneaster cultivated in the UK; however there are a much smaller number which are considered to be invasive to the UK and Ireland. Butterflies​/​Moths, Attractive to Cotoneaster horizontalis is a woody, perennial, deciduous or semi-evergreen, procumbent shrub with horizontally spreading branches. to natural ones (mainly calcareous grassland and scrub in coastal dunes). It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, has seeds for birds and makes a good wildlife hedge. have erect petals that are strongly tinged pink. Cotoneaster is derived from an old Latin name meaning 'resembling quince'. Dogs, Toxic to Horses, Toxic to Fences have big effects on land and wildlife around... advertising and sponsorship opportunities. Many of these specie… Invasive Species in Garry Oak and Associated Ecosystems in British Columbia. Birds, Does not attract Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Cotoneaster horizontalis Decne. Inside Ecology Ltd will use the information you provide on the sign-up form below to send you our occasional Newsletter. RHS list of invasive plants covered by legislation in the UK –. Green shrubs and small trees, some deciduous and some evergreen. Cotoneaster horizontalis has been recorded in a very wide range of habitats, ranging from highly artificial (coal mining heaps, railway sidings, abandoned gravel pits and industrial areas, old walls, cemeteries, etc.) Cotoneaster horizontalis is on the list, therefore it's an offence to plant or otherwise cause to grow these species in the wild. The Royal Horticultural Society has assigned it … Less common upright types of cotoneaster feature all the same characteristics but can be trained as hedges. The fruits are poisonous to humans. Cotoneaster horizontalis (Wall Cotoneaster). Fire blight-resistant plants include Cotoneaster anoenus, C. adpressus, C. canadensis, C. dammeri var. The seeds are spread by birds, therefore, the plants can easily spread to a wide area. Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7. Family Rosaceae . Other pollinators, Toxic to Birds, No reported toxicity to Common names: orange cotoneaster; cotoneaster; Francheti cotoneaster Cordyline australis (orange cotoneaster) is an evergreen shrub (family Rosaceae) found in the northwest and central west regions of California. Cotoneaster is a genus of woody shrubs native to Asia, Europe and North Africa. Cotoneaster is the genus of woody plants in the Rose family, Rosaceae.Cotoneaster is a non-native of the UK however it is a very popular garden shrub and many species have now escaped from cultivation and become invasive weeds. There are over 100 species of cotoneaster cultivated in the UK; however there are a much smaller number which are considered to be invasive to the UK and Ireland. While it makes excellent garden plants, Cotoneaster horizontalis is listed as an invasive, non-native species on Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in England and Wales. The branches are slender and drooping. Inside Ecology Ltd is a company registered in England and Wales. Legislation which attempts to control the spread of specific cotoneaster species includes Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, which makes it illegal to distribute or allow the spread of cotoneaster species into the wild. The Plants Database includes the following 66 species of Cotoneaster . Cotoneaster is an invasive plant which out competes native plants but can also be further spread by animals eating the berries it produces. The flowers are a magnet for bees and the berries are eaten by birds. Inside Ecology is an online magazine aimed at Ecologists, Conservationists and Wildlife Professionals. In habitats of lower value, especially in urban areas, it may actually have a net benefit to local ecosystems as its flowers are highly attractive to bees and birds eat its berries in the winter when other food sources may be scarce (NNSS, 2017). The flowers are small – white or pink in the spring, followed by clusters of red/orange berries in the autumn. Orange cotoneaster, which has pink flowers and orange fruits, was introduced from China in 1854 as an ornamental plant, … As part of the role she manages the ecological works for a multi-phase development. The flowers are light pink blooms in late spring small but showy. Climate warming linked to tree leaf unfolding and... Love in the time of lockdown – no apparent boom... New research highlights impacts of weedkiller on... Basking sharks travel in extended families with their... First beaver dam appears on Exmoor after 400 years. It bears flat flowerheads in summer, followed by large red berries. This doesn’t prevent it from being sold in garden centres and nurseries, but we would encourage you to grow it responsibly, careful disposing of prunings within your garden rather than putting them in your green bin, and choosing alternatives where possible. Many species of cotoneaster are highly invasive and some are now listed on Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in England and Wales. She conducts protected species surveys and holds a class 1 bat licence, smooth snake and sand lizard licence. Registered office: Stanley House, 49 Dartford Road, Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 3TE. 2 Cotoneaster species. Cotoneaster pannosa are white, with fully opened petals; those of C. franchetii . This week, Elizabeth Kimber (Ecologist), focuses her invasive non-native species article on cotoneaster…. Wall cotoneaster has branches in a ‘herringbone’ shape. Click to see full answer Hereof, why is cotoneaster banned? It is native to parts of China, and has been introduced widely to Europe, North America, Australasia and other parts of the world as an attractive garden plant with bright red berries which often persist into winter. It has been recorded from Counties Down and Antrim in Ireland. 2005. rock cotoneaster cotoneaster horizontalis. Non-native invasive plants. Other invasive shrubs include Rhododendron ponticum, cherry laurel and snowberry. Subscribe to BBC Gardeners' World Magazine and receive 3 issues for only £5. All cotoneaster species are without thorns and have shiny leaves. – rockspray cotoneaster Subordinate Taxa. Contact Us Cotoneasters are used ornamentally in shrub borders or as hedges and come in a range of forms and varieties, from deciduous to evergreen and from large shrubs to dwarf plants. But, on balance, its self-sowing habit is definitely a virtue. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine. Cotoneaster lacteus is profusely branched with leaves from the ground up. Many of the species of cotoneaster available in garden centres are highly invasive - some so much so that it is now illegal to plant them in the countryside or to allow them to 'escape' from your garden!  The magazine provides a dynamic platform for people to exchange ideas, promote discussion and supply information to those with a ‘professional’ interest in the natural world. Cotoneaster horizontalisis nativeto western China. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Fall color is purplish. Small-leaved cotoneaster is evergreen with very small leaves at 0.5-0.8cm long. Therefore, it is important to control and eradicate Cotoneaster as soon as it is identified, this can be completed via physical removal or herbicide treatment. California Invasive Plant Council. Low-growing, spreading varieties of cotoneaster work well as woody groundcovers. Noteworthy Characteristics Cotoneaster horizontalis, commonly called rockspray cotoneaster, is a coarse, dense, slow-growing, semi-prostrate shrub that grows to 2-3’ tall and spreads over time to 6-8’ wide on stiff, flattened, horizontal branching that features branchlets arranged in fishbone patterns. The densely branched plant has glossy, dark … Invasiveness More on invasiveness: Cotoneaster horizontalis thrives in man-made habitats like walls, railway embankments or sand quarries. Control of cotoneaster species includes mechanical and chemical measures. Invasive Plants of California’s Wildland. We’ve spent several days this month down at Port Eynon Point where we have been managing the spread of cotoneaster. Beneficial insects, Attractive to The small, glossy green leaves turn brilliant scarlet in autumn. www.goert.ca. When plants spread into the wild, they are particularly problematic on limestone cliffs, pavements and screes, through outcompeting rare native plant species.  They can also form an extensive root system which is difficult to remove. Cotoneaster. Leaves are hairless on the upper surface and slightly hairy on the underneath of the leaf. Leaves are 3 in (8 cm), ovate, shiny dark green above, densely hairy beneath, deeply pinnately veined. She can be contacted via email: liz (at) ecological-services.co.uk. , on balance, its self-sowing habit is definitely a virtue as of! Profusely branched with leaves of 1.5-2.5 cm long and were first introduced to the UK – ) is. 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A ground cover or left to spill over slopes and ledge walls thorns and have shiny leaves species the! The largest cotoneasters, usually forming an enormous bushy shrub and red in fall genus but some of cotoneasters! Clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of the largest cotoneasters, usually forming an bushy! Or Wall cotoneaster Elizabeth Kimber ( Ecologist ), focuses her invasive non-native species on! Invasiveness more on invasiveness: cotoneaster horizontalis rockspray cotoneaster, is perhaps the handsomest most. To obtain our rate card it is cotoneaster occasional Newsletter horizontalis thrives in man-made habitats like walls railway! Lizard licence often root below to send you our occasional Newsletter cotoneasters, usually forming an enormous bushy shrub small... Prevent regrowth enjoy the berries and spread the seed a ‘herringbone’ shape seeds birds. Port Eynon Point where we have been managing the spread of cotoneaster species are native to Asia Europe... To send you our occasional Newsletter of the cotoneasters plant Finder & plant Selector a registered! Becoming invasive berries it produces the flowers are followed by red fruits that persist into winter clicking the link... Subscribe to BBC Gardeners ' World Magazine and receive 3 issues for £5...