Specific attention has been paid to the linkages between tourism and tourism related industries and services, and their impact on sustainable development, poverty alleviation and the conservation of nature. Households in prime (well stocked) GMAs were more likely to participate in off-farm wage and self-employment compared to other rural households, but they were also more likely to suffer crop losses related to wildlife conflicts. arrival of new businesses and NGOs (Honey & Gilpin, 2009; Western, 2008). cooperation. The Netherla, Development Organization (SNV) is presently conduc, for the poor. Tourism industry’s extensive involvements to national economy are a known reality. Sub-Saharan Africa has a great potential to increase the tourism industry but there are some problems as for example that the rural community often lack local ownership and, We investigate the impact of wildlife conservation policies in Zambia on household welfare in game management areas (GMAs), which are buffer zones around national parks. The design of community-based natural resource management programmes needs to respond to the inherent diversity among both the national parks and the community members. Second, the outcomes of Granger causality test imply the one-way causal relationship of economic-driven tourism growth. Samosir Regency is an area that has the potential to be developed as a tourism destination through the utilization of various potential natural beauty, local wisdom, and the historical value of cultural civilization, so as to increase regional income, improve the community's economy, grow the business sector, introduce local cultural values, and contribute in developing the world of education. ABSTRACT. Gilpin, 2009). Tourism contributes to 6-7 percent of total employment. First, ification, particularly in marginal areas with, mote areas with high values of cultural, wildlife, and natural heritage of developing countries is frequently based on, exporters through the sale of goods and services, and supports a diverse and versatile labor market; it. El turismo internacional es considerado como una de las actividades más benéficas para una economía, pues se le aprecia como una actividad que genera crecimiento económico, empleo y captación de divisas, además de cooperar al entendimiento cultural entre las naciones e individuos. n-economic benefits include capacity building, of environmental impacts and natural reso, and Poverty Alleviation, 2002). growing service sector; in sub-Saharan Africa, development, and its Sustainable Tourism–, poverty. The tourist performance also has been remarkable and consistent. Many of the, en motivated by tourism development, but they. strengthening backward economic linkages. Together, tourism and construction activity have driven economic growth in Vanuatu over the last decade. Tourism is the only export sector where the consumer travels to the exporting country, which provides opportunities for the poor to become, to foreign tourists. greater wildlife diversity, with net gains relatively greater for wealthier households. Several negative as well as positive impacts of tourism are witnessed. On the other hand, the paper presents arguments in support of the proposition that poverty reduction as a source of tourism development, offers a convincing case for the use of policy instruments focused to drive a tourism-based economy. The paper presents a cooperation model from Sweden that could serve as a role model for the region to coop with the problem of local people not being involved in the process and as model for attracting more customers to the destination. The nexus of tourism, economic expansion, and poverty reduction is established in the Nicaraguan economy. Food security is usually examined through three dimensions, namely the availability, access, and utilization of food. of continual social “mobilization”. Gilpin, 2009; IMF, 2006; Mowforth & Munt, 2003). At the end of the 1980s, Egypt's government took the decision to develop tourism, when other sources of rent income were in crisis and the government was in danger of being destabilized. Tourism has also been described as having a snowball effect in contributing. Mohamed, the Emperor of Songhai, in 1495 in his capital of Gao. 4. n of business opportunities for the poor, expansion. The current research offers a comprehensive review of 258 investigations published between 2013 and 2019 in outlets indexed by the ISI Web of Science database and other relevant publications on information technology related to hospitality and tourism. ... g) Empowering, counseling and training elements of the community, in order to foster and increase awareness and important role of the community in the tourism sector. Using a qualitative and collaborative research approach, we examine how Kichwa and non-Kichwa people in this destination area understand food sovereignty, particularly concerning tourism development. This paper empirically examines the impact of tourism expansion on the economic development of selected Caribbean countries. Economic and Social Benefits from Tourism. Empirical studies have shown that the three variables are cointegrated with a long-run stable relationship among the three. In 2018, the sector’s total contribution to the global economy reached US$8.8 trillion (equating to 10.4% of global GDP). In Kenya, community-based enterprises (CBEs) are preferred. To understand the development of economic on tourism in Malaysia. The empirical evidence points to the potential economic muscle of tourism to seriously tackle Nicaraguan poverty at scale through helping both Nicaragua's public and private sectors allocate resources to tourism development, resulting in the overall improvement of the economy. However, the gains accrue mainly to the relatively well off, while the poor do not gain even if they participate. Macro-perspective paradigms – like dependency or neoclassic theory – tend to argue from a Euro-centric perspective and largely ignore local political conditions. Tourism is related to traveling which means movement or journey by people from their homes to another place for minimum and maximum period of time. 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